Painted turtles nest up to three times a year between mid-May and July, If you must handle a snapping turtle, always keep your hands on the hind legs or on the very rear portion of its shell. Males usually reach sizes between 5 and 9 inches, while females reach sizes between 12 and 20 inches. This water is important for moistening the soil of the nest site. Female turtles searching for nest sites are often found crossing roads. Identification. Adding a turtle to your home can be a great way to gain a new pet that will be with you for years.There are hundreds of turtle types, though, ranging from sea turtles to snapping turtles and much, much more. How long it can live: Between 50 and 100 years. Since a lot of those laws are about the native species I strongly suggest you to visit this interactive map that will point you to an article on this site that explains as simply as possible the state laws in Illinois regarding turtles, tortoises and terrapins. Description: The Midland Painted Turtle have a dark colored skin and shell, ranging in color from dark brown to black. How big it can get: Most of them reach sizes between 8 and 12 inches, but it’s not uncommon to find females that reach sizes bigger than that, sometimes even 15 inches. Description: The Eastern Mud turtle has a very plain look, the upper part of the shell usually lacks any pattern and the color can range from a dark yellow to black. Scutes may contain a beautiful pigmentation that looks like a sun's rays. What are their breeding habits? The lower part of the shell is usually colored yellow, hence the name Yellow Mud Turtle. But in general they prefer waters that have a soft bottoms, like mud or sand. You have to remember that most wild animals can carry bacteria, and since turtles spend a lot of time in water those bacteria can be a little more dangerous. How big it can get: Between 12 and 15 inches, in rare cases some of them can reach even 19 inches. And always wash your hands with hot water and soap afterward. When a species gets its status there are a lot of factors taken into consideration, not only the number of individuals still leaving. If you want to take the turtle home as a pet, you first have to make sure that it’s legal to do so. Besides the shape of the shell, the other most recognizable element is the pattern of the shell and skin, the pattern of the Eastern Box turtles can vary from individual to individual but it can usually be described as a lot of spots or blobs, that are colored yellow, red or orange. The skin is usually covered with yellow stripes. Alien species can be added to an area to help with certain ecological problems, or by mistake. Alligator Snapping Turtle also possess one of the snapping turtles distinct features, a sharp beak. Incubation usually lasts between 70 and 100 days. Unless a turtle is in immediate danger, leave it where you found it. If you would rather not come into contact with the turtle, gently slide a broad, flat shovel under the turtle and place it into a container. Where it lives: They prefer to live in large streams and rivers, but they can also be found in large reservoirs. Diet: Mud turtles are omnivorous, this means that they will eat meat, snails, fish, insects, as well as fruits, vegetables, and other kinds of vegetation. All State Reptiles An election for favorite state reptile was conducted on the Internet in 2004 (other candidates considered were the eastern box turtle and the common garter snake ). TurtleOwner.com is owned and operated by The Turtle Owner Team. Hello, I am Victor, and I have a turtle pond that is the home of 6 turtles and 2 tortoises. On the upper part of the shell they also have a small vertebral keel. How long it can live: Between 30 and 40 years. Illinois … You are most likely to see turtles out and about between May and October. REMAINING (number with state) Bridge inframarginal scute number 4 (2) 3 (1) Bridge inguinal scutes developed Absent (1) Poorly (1) Well (1) Bridge width 1/2 or more of abdominal shield (1) Green turtles weigh up to 350 pounds. Most of those rules are generally designed to protect turtles, so even if they seem a little restrictive, they are there for a good reason. How big it can get: Males usually reach sizes between 3 and 5 inches, while females are considerably bigger, reaching sizes between 8 and 10 inches. Reproduction: The nesting season usually starts in March and ends in June. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. The color of the skin is usually the same color as the upper part of the shell. There are approximately 330 species of turtle in the world, 17 of which are found in Illinois: Emydidae - Pond and Box Turtles twelve marginal scutes on each side This article should cover every basic thing about the native turtles of Illinois. Another of the different types of turtles that are threatened is the loggerhead sea turtle. If you want to know more facts about turtles you can always check out the category: Turtle Facts. The reason why most turtles end up smelling is because... We are a passionate group of writers and researchers who write about pet turtles and tortoises. The average incubation period of the eggs is 75 days. Placing a wire basket (with a top) over the nest site can protect the nest from predators such as raccoons and opossums. Though he is one of the more abundant of the sea turtles, he still faces many risks and dangers. These females may expel a large amount of water from their vent/cloaca when lifted up by a well- meaning rescuer. A lot of people believe that turtles smell bad, but this couldn’t be farther from the truth. East Texas, western Illinois, Southern Indiana, Western Kentucky are home to these species. ( Including Food Lists ). Description: Common Snapping Turtles can range in color from brown to black. You can check out the laws of Illinois on this page: Turtle State Laws. Spotted, snapping and Blanding's turtles lay eggs once per year. The United States is home to more turtle species than any other country in the world, almost 100 species and subspecies. If those turtles manage to reproduce, they can easily start a new alien species in a new area. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. The most important thing that you have to watch out for when interacting with a wild turtle is the turtle trying to bite you. It’s also possible that some unknowing person decided to release a few turtles into the wild. Place the turtle in a container or box. They can be usually be found across throughout open woodlands as well as grasslands and meadows. You can support our site and thousands of other turtle owners by contributing with a small donation. They also nest in exposed sand or soil in yards, along railroad tracks and trails edges, in agricultural fields, and in crushed limestone trails, especially if these areas are near permanent water. Smaller turtles can be lifted safely with one or two hands from the back (tail end) of the shell. Most Commonly-seen Freshwater Turtles in California There are very few species of turtles found in California, so if you see one at the edge of a pond or stream in the majority of the state, it is almost always one of the following three species. Every year TurlteOwner.com makes the world a better place for thousands of pet turtles, but right now we are having trouble keeping the site online. If you want to touch the turtle you can usually do that, but you have to take a few cautionary measures. Quick Note: Most turtle subspecies are very similar, so besides some few differences in color it’s possible that everything else about them to be the same. ( Including Food Lists ), Extinct (EX) – No known living individuals, Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range, Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild, Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild, Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild, Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future. 7 Missouri’s Turtles Stinkpot (Common Musk Turtle) Sternotherus odoratus This is Missouri’s smallest species and one of the world’s smallest turtles. 1816 South Oak Street, MC 652 Champaign, IL 61820 217-333-6880 cms@inhs.illinois.edu The lower part of the shell  is usually colored yellow. The smallest turtle in the region is the musk turtle, averaging about 3-4 inches. With the exception of Common Snapping Turtles, other turtles … They can live up to 138 years because this turtle is slow to mature. Every state in the US has different laws regarding native turtles and turtles in general. If you want to feed the turtle , you can definitely do that, that would actually be great, but make sure that you are feeding it the right thing, some foods can be very dangerous to turtles, to find out which food items are good and which are bad you can always check out this article where you will also find a few food items lists: What Do Turtles Eat ? It is illegal to take turtles from the La Rue-Pine Hills/Otter Pond Research Area in Union County. Mating of this species takes place yearly. And they have a pronounced beak-like mouth. Diet: Map turtles are omnivorous, so they will eat meat, insects, fruit, vegetables, aquatic vegetation, and everything else that they can find. Diet: Omnivorous. Diet: Smooth softshell turtles are omnivores, but they definitely prefer meat over plants, so in general they will consume meat, insects, snails, and fish, and occasionally they will eat some fruits, vegetables and other kinds of vegetation. (With 20 Examples and Pictures), link to Do Turtles Smell? They feed primarily on aquatic vegetation and invertebrates, but will also eat invertebrates. Description: Blanding’s Turtle has a considerably more dome-like shaped shell than most turtles. TURTLES OF ILLINOIS There are 260 different species of turtles worldwide, 17 of those turtle species inhabit Illinois, dwelling in forests, prairies, marshes, swamps, ponds, lakes, streams and rivers. Five of the seven are found in Florida: Green, Loggerhead, Leatherback, Hawksbill, and Kemp’s Ridley. Reproduction: Nesting season starts in March and ends in June. Your email address will not be published. Small species, such as the spotted turtle (Clemmys guttata), may lay only three to five eggs in a nest, while the larger snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) lays 20 to 40 eggs. Illinois state law prohibits the commercial sale of any wild-caught snake or any of their parts, eggs, or offspring. Size: 3-5 feet long and weighs 200-500 lbs. It is important to get the turtle back in the wild as soon as possible. How long it can live: Between 60 and 70 years. Illinois State Laws Regarding Turtles. Description: The most distinct feature of the Red Eared Slider are the red lines that can be easily seen behind the eyes, those lines can vary in color from red to orange and rarely yellow, but in most cases they are red. Where it lives: All Painted turtles subspecies prefer to live in freshwater, and they can be usually found in slow moving rivers, ponds, and lakes. The upper part of the shell is covered with a red or orange pattern that resembles hieroglyphs, hence the name Hieroglyphic River Cooter. The shell usually has markings on the side that can vary in color from red to yellow. Be careful not to be scratched by the nails on the turtle’s hind feet. Most Illinois turtles lay oval eggs, but softshells and snapping turtles lay spherical eggs. How long it can live: Between 20 and 30 years. Where it lives: They generally prefer water streams, but they can also be found in lakes, ponds and manmade environments. The shell lacks any distinct bumps or coloration. The photo gallery below provides information about several of the turtles that are found in Illinois. What to Expect and How to Prevent. Turtles are incredibly unique vertebrates, comprised of between 300 and 400 different species (the exact number is contested), and these belong to three groups that are often mistakenly spoken about interchangeably: true turtles, tortoises, and terrapins. They were commonly used for making turtle soup in Singapore and the U.S, and were nearly hunted down to extinction in many regions of the world. Most Illinois turtles lay oval eggs, but softshells and snapping turtles lay spherical eggs. Description: The Common Musk Turtle has a very plain appearance with very consistent colors. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. Like most softshell turtle they also have a snorkel-like snout. Alien species are species that are not native to an area, but they still live there. So if you touch a turtle make sure that you have some wet wipes near you, if you don’t you should probably avoid touching it. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category. Baby slider turtles for sale are cheap, easy to care for, and quite inquisitive. In this article I am going to take a closer look at each species and cover a few basic things about them, things like the appearance, lifespan, how big it can get, diet, where it lives, conservation status and reproduction. How big it can get: In general Smooth Softshell turtles reach sizes between 6 and 13 inches. Alligator snapping turtles are found only in the United States. Illinois designated the painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) as the official state reptile in 2005 (also the reptile symbol of Michigan). Alligator snappers, which most people will never see, are listed as endangered, and they inhabit only larger rivers and streams in the southern part of the state, the Mississippi, Ohio and Wabash Rivers, and tributaries directly connected to them. Where it lives: The alligator snapping turtle can usually be found  at the bottom of rivers, lakes, sloughs, swamps and bayous. On average the incubation period for the eggs lasts between 80 and 90 days. Reproduction: The nesting period starts in May and ends in July. For example the plastic in the water is greatly impacting sea turtles in a negative way. Their preferred prey includes fish, crayfish, and other aquatic invertebrates. These beautiful types of turtles were once regarded as a delicacy of the sea. When it comes to the meat they will scavenge, or actively hunt their prey in the water. Description: The Mississippi Mud Turtle has an upper shell that is usually colored dark brown or black. THe lower part of the shell is usually yellow, orange or red with a black pattern. We are a passionate group of writers and researchers who write about pet turtles and turtles in general. Turtles In Kentucky. If you want to take a few photos from a distance, you can definitely do that. Aquatic and terrestrial turtles can encounter a number of hazardous situations in Illinois’ human-dominated landscapes. How long it can live: Between 20 and 40 years. The lower side of the shell is usually plain yellow, but in some cases there can be small colored spots. The long tail of a snapping turtle should not be used to lift the turtle, since the weight of the body can sever the turtle’s spine. I will give a more in depth explanation of this ranking works, at the end of the article, but until then I will add a picture that will let you know the basics. On the other hand, that diversity is a bit misleading because Illinois also lists populations of eleven species as either threatened or endangered. The average time an egg needs to incubate is 75 days. Diet: Box turtles are omnivorous, so they will eat anything that they can find, meat, insects, fruits, vegetables, and any kind of vegetation. Reproduction: Nesting occurs from late May until the middle of July, and the incubation period lasts between 70 and 90 days. A light stripe bordered by black is usually present behind each eye. If a female expels water, it is best to return her to the closest area near standing water. Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria. Diet: Red Eared Sliders are omnivorous, their diet usually consists of meat, fish, insects, snails, aquatic vegetation, fruits and vegetables. When young, they are carnivorous, but as adults, they eat seaweeds and seagrass. Description: The Spotted Turtle has a black upper part of the shell that is covered with yellow, orange or red spots. The upper part of the shell is usually colored dark brown or black. Description: The color of the shell is usually  olive, brown, or black with dark blotches that have yellow lines around them. There are 13 types of turtles in Kentucky from different categories including both aquatic turtles and terrestrial turtles. If the rescuer cannot find water nearby, and the female turtle has released water, the turtle should be placed in a container of shallow water for a couple of hours before being released. I've been a turtle and tortoise owner for 10 years, during which I gained a lot of experience and information, and now I want to share them with everybody that is curious or it's looking for help. How long it can live: Between 60 and 80 years. How big it can get: Spotted turtles are one of the smallest turtle species in the US, usually it only reaches sizes between 3 and 4 inches. They usually hunt their prey, but not actively, they do this by sitting at the bottom of the lake with their mouth open, while waiting for their prey. Where it lives: Unlike most turtles, Box turtles live on land instead of water. There are 17 species of turtles in Illinois, 14 in Southern Illinois. There are many types of turtles and some species may suit your lifestyle better than others. If you don’t know what the species is, click on the text to work through the key. Do not move the turtle very far from where it was found. Status: Endangered. It is best to allow turtle eggs to incubate and hatch (60 to 90 days depending on the turtle species) where the female laid them. When choosing a turtle make sure you know how big they will grow. With so many options, choosing a pet turtle can be overwhelming. Turtles (order Testudines), including tortoises, are reptiles with bodies encased in bony shells. Reproduction: Map turtles usually nest multiple times a year from the start of the spring up until the end of the summer. Where it lives: Like most aquatic turtles, the musk turtle can be found in all mind of slow moving and still body waters. Description: Hieroglyphic River Cooter usually range in color from green-brown to black. The skin of the Midland Painted turtle is usually covered with lines that are yellow near the head, and then changing to red. Reproduction: The nesting period takes place between May and July. How big it can get: Common Musk turtles are very small, they usually reach sizes between 3 and 4.5 inches. Additionally, the Prairie Research Institute’s Illinois Natural History Survey has an Identification Key to help people figure out what species turtle they have found. It is best to grab the snapping turtle by its hind legs (one in each hand) and use them as handles. Where it lives: In general Spotted turtles can be found in marshes, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow borders of ponds, lakes and streams. What to Expect and How to Prevent, Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macroclemys temminckii), Common Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica), Common Musk Turtle (Sternotherus odoratus), Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina), Eastern Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum), Eastern Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera), False Map Turtle (Graptemys pseudogeographica), Hieroglyphic River Cooter (Pseudemys concinna hieroglyphica), Yellow Mud Turtle (Kinosternon flavescens), Midland Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta marginata), Midland Smooth Softshell (Apalone mutica mutica), Mississippi Map Turtle (Graptemys pseudogeographica kohnii), Mississippi Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis), Ouachita Map Turtle (Graptemys ouachitensis), Red Eared Slider (Trachemys scripta elegans), Southern Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta dorsalis), Western Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii), What to Do If You Find a Wild Native Turtle, You Can Help Us Keep TurtleOwner.com Alive, What Do Turtles Eat ? 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